Satellite systems with the ability to measure temperatures of crop fields are currently under development. The intention behind the project is to display how much water is used by plants by measuring temperature and to identify the pathways for the water to be transferred back into the atmosphere.
This will also aid in understanding crop reactions to drought conditions and the availability of water for farming purposes. Copernicus, which is the EU’s space-based observation program, may include the system in its technology. The Union’s satellite system, called the Sentinels, would receive the system.
Prof. Wooster from London is working with his team to identify pathways for the ESA & EU’s joint space venture’s next phase.BBC News was informed that enhancing crop production and improving agricultural practices was the primary goal.
He stated that a thorough examination of the planet and the atmosphere was vital for the benefit of the people. Satellite remote sensing abilities would hold the key towards tracking short-term & long-term changes and providing a global, consistent view.
Wooster’s research is an integral part of LSTM mission, which is a new satellite concept currently under development. The new system would identify temperatures of fields with an area of 40 kilometers across. This is more than 10 times the current capability. Land temperature measurements would have more impact on agriculture from now.
It could also allow researchers to understand water requirements real-time with an irrigation schedule. It would also be of significant aid for prediction of drought conditions by computer models. Wooster intends to collect heat maps across London and other agricultural locations situated in Germany, UK, and Italy. The HyTES would be used by him for this purpose. It is a highly sensitive thermal imager with airborne capabilities. It will fly in an aircraft.
These would be used to establish standards. The conditions of three locations would be analyzed and mapped for drought responses and ground conditions. This will allow calibration of LSTM’s imaging mechanism.
LSTM is expected to become a full-fledged spacecraft by next decade, Although the United Kingdom has top Earth observation engineers and scientists, Britain’s continued involvement is suspect due to Brexit. Terms are still under negotiation, although Britain has shown interest.
Prof Wooster stated that Britain’s involvement was vital for the program’s success.
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